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El Salvador climate guide
Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in El Salvador for next month - January. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year.
The climate guide for El Salvador shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Find out more about our data sources.
Metric (°C / mm) | Imperial (°F / inches)
El Salvador climate overview
El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America. Its mainly agricultural economy has been hard hit by years of civil war in the 1980's and 1990's, compounded by a devastating earthquake in 2001 and severe floods in 2005.
Mountains dominate the landscape with high ranges running along the border with Honduras and along the central spine of the country. Large and particularly well-defined volcanoes are found near the capital San Salvador, as well as at San Vicente and Santa Ana.
Volcanic soil throughout the uplands is black and fertile, allowing extensive coffee plantations to grow on higher slopes and sugarcane on the rolling foothills below. Little of the indigenous forest stills remains due to widespread deforestation.
The coastal plain along the Pacific coast is narrow in the north but becomes wide in the south, extending quite a distance inland. It is intensely cultivated throughout, sustaining mainly cotton fields.
El Salvador has a tropical climate with a 'winter' dry season. Due to its long Pacific coast, much of the country is also humid in the wet season making for particularly oppressive conditions in the coastal plains. Temperatures only fall a few degrees in the dry season so it can still be warm and humid.
Rainfall follows a distinct seasonal pattern with the cloudy and wet season lasting from April to November. The heaviest rains fall in October and over the highest peaks, usually in the form of heavy afternoon downpours with thunder and lightening. A much drier 'winter' season runs from December to March, which is also the sunniest time of the year.
El Salvador lies in a very active earthquake zone with hundreds of earthquakes recorded every year.
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