Turkmenistan climate guide

Temperature in Turkmenistan (°C)

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max temperature (daytime)
7°C maximum daytime temperature in January in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)7
9°C maximum daytime temperature in February in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)9
15°C maximum daytime temperature in March in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)15
23°C maximum daytime temperature in April in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)23
30°C maximum daytime temperature in May in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)30
35°C maximum daytime temperature in June in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)35
38°C maximum daytime temperature in July in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)38
36°C maximum daytime temperature in August in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)36
31°C maximum daytime temperature in September in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)31
23°C maximum daytime temperature in October in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)23
16°C maximum daytime temperature in November in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)16
10°C maximum daytime temperature in December in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)10
Min temperature (night-time)
-2°C minimum night-time temperature in January in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)-2
-1°C minimum night-time temperature in February in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)-1
5°C minimum night-time temperature in March in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)5
11°C minimum night-time temperature in April in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)11
16°C minimum night-time temperature in May in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)16
20°C minimum night-time temperature in June in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)20
23°C minimum night-time temperature in July in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)23
20°C minimum night-time temperature in August in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)20
15°C minimum night-time temperature in September in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)15
9°C minimum night-time temperature in October in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)9
4°C minimum night-time temperature in November in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)4
0°C minimum night-time temperature in December in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)0

Sunshine & Daylight in Turkmenistan

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily hours of sunshine
4 hours of sunshine per day (41% of daylight hours) in January in Turkmenistan4
5 hours of sunshine per day (44% of daylight hours) in February in Turkmenistan5
5 hours of sunshine per day (43% of daylight hours) in March in Turkmenistan5
7 hours of sunshine per day (51% of daylight hours) in April in Turkmenistan7
9 hours of sunshine per day (64% of daylight hours) in May in Turkmenistan9
11 hours of sunshine per day (77% of daylight hours) in June in Turkmenistan11
12 hours of sunshine per day (79% of daylight hours) in July in Turkmenistan12
11 hours of sunshine per day (82% of daylight hours) in August in Turkmenistan11
10 hours of sunshine per day (78% of daylight hours) in September in Turkmenistan10
7 hours of sunshine per day (64% of daylight hours) in October in Turkmenistan7
6 hours of sunshine per day (54% of daylight hours) in November in Turkmenistan6
4 hours of sunshine per day (40% of daylight hours) in December in Turkmenistan4
Daily hours of daylight
10 hours of daylight per day in January in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)10
11 hours of daylight per day in February in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)11
12 hours of daylight per day in March in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)12
13 hours of daylight per day in April in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)13
14 hours of daylight per day in May in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)14
15 hours of daylight per day in June in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)15
14 hours of daylight per day in July in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)14
14 hours of daylight per day in August in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)14
12 hours of daylight per day in September in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)12
11 hours of daylight per day in October in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)11
10 hours of daylight per day in November in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)10
10 hours of daylight per day in December in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)10

Rainfall in Turkmenistan

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Number of days with some rain
8 days with some rainfall in January in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)8
8 days with some rainfall in February in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)8
11 days with some rainfall in March in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)11
10 days with some rainfall in April in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)10
7 days with some rainfall in May in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)7
2 days with some rainfall in June in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)2
1 day with some rainfall in July in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)1
1 day with some rainfall in August in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)1
1 day with some rainfall in September in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)1
5 days with some rainfall in October in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)5
6 days with some rainfall in November in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)6
8 days with some rainfall in December in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)8
Average monthly rainfall (mm)
22 mm monthly rainfall in January in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)22
26 mm monthly rainfall in February in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)26
39 mm monthly rainfall in March in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)39
44 mm monthly rainfall in April in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)44
29 mm monthly rainfall in May in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)29
4 mm monthly rainfall in June in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)4
3 mm monthly rainfall in July in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)3
1 mm monthly rainfall in August in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)1
4 mm monthly rainfall in September in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)4
14 mm monthly rainfall in October in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)14
19 mm monthly rainfall in November in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)19
21 mm monthly rainfall in December in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)21

More climate for Turkmenistan

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
UV Index (Maximum)
UV (maximum) index 2 (Low) in January in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)2
UV (maximum) index 3 (Moderate) in February in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)3
UV (maximum) index 5 (Moderate) in March in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)5
UV (maximum) index 8 (Very High) in April in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)8
UV (maximum) index 10 (Very High) in May in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)10
UV (maximum) index 11 (Extreme) in June in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)11
UV (maximum) index 11 (Extreme) in July in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)11
UV (maximum) index 10 (Very High) in August in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)10
UV (maximum) index 8 (Very High) in September in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)8
UV (maximum) index 5 (Moderate) in October in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)5
UV (maximum) index 3 (Moderate) in November in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)3
UV (maximum) index 2 (Low) in December in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)2
Heat & Humidity
No heat & humidity in January in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)0
No heat & humidity in February in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)0
No heat & humidity in March in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)0
No heat & humidity in April in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)0
Low heat & humidity in May in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)L
High heat & humidity in June in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)H
Very high heat & humidity in July in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)VH
High heat & humidity in August in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)H
Moderate heat & humidity in September in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)M
No heat & humidity in October in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)0
No heat & humidity in November in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)0
No heat & humidity in December in Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)0

Note: 0 = None, L = Low, M = Moderate, H = High, VH = Very high, E = Extreme

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Check climate guides for Turkmenistan showing average temperature, rainfall & sunshine figures for each month of the year. The climate guide shown above is for Ashgabat.

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More about Turkmenistan

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

The climate guide for Turkmenistan, represented by Ashgabat, shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Find out more about our data sources.

Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches)

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Turkmenistan climate overview

This central Asian republic gained independence after the break-up of the former Soviet Union during the early 1990's. It is sparsely populated, with previously nomadic tribes now centred in a few bleak towns. The economy is largely agricultural, although oil and gas reserves are gradually being exploited.

80% of Turkmenistan is desert; in fact the Karakum (Black Sand) Desert in the centre of the country is one of the largest sand deserts in the world. This arid landscape is mostly flat sand with occasional ancient oases.

Summers are bone dry and can become extremely hot under unbroken sunshine. By contrast, winters are cold with daytime temperatures close to freezing. Occasional showers sweep across the desert from December to February, but do not amount to much.

South and East Turkmenistan is bordered by scenic mountains and particularly beautiful is Gaudark where the Amu-Darya River flows down from the mountains. In contrast to the desert, there are waterfalls, gorges and caves. Summers are still hot and dry, and winters cold; spring showers allow grazing pastures to flourish along the river valley. The longest irrigation channel in the world runs from the Amu-Darya River, across the desert, to Ashgabat in the west, allowing cotton and grain to be grown in otherwise desert areas.

Turkmenistan borders the Caspian Sea to the west, which is largely unspectacular with little more than scrub vegetation along its shoreline. Summers here are warm and dry, becoming cold with a few showers in the winter.

Occasional earthquakes are possible in the south and east of the country.

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