Turkmenistan climate guide

Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Turkmenistan for next month - October. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year.

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The climate guide for Turkmenistan shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Find out more about our data sources.

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Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches)

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Turkmenistan climate overview

This central Asian republic gained independence after the break-up of the former Soviet Union during the early 1990's. It is sparsely populated, with previously nomadic tribes now centred in a few bleak towns. The economy is largely agricultural, although oil and gas reserves are gradually being exploited.

80% of Turkmenistan is desert; in fact the Karakum (Black Sand) Desert in the centre of the country is one of the largest sand deserts in the world. This arid landscape is mostly flat sand with occasional ancient oases.

Summers are bone dry and can become extremely hot under unbroken sunshine. By contrast, winters are cold with daytime temperatures close to freezing. Occasional showers sweep across the desert from December to February, but do not amount to much.

South and East Turkmenistan is bordered by scenic mountains and particularly beautiful is Gaudark where the Amu-Darya River flows down from the mountains. In contrast to the desert, there are waterfalls, gorges and caves. Summers are still hot and dry, and winters cold; spring showers allow grazing pastures to flourish along the river valley. The longest irrigation channel in the world runs from the Amu-Darya River, across the desert, to Ashgabat in the west, allowing cotton and grain to be grown in otherwise desert areas.

Turkmenistan borders the Caspian Sea to the west, which is largely unspectacular with little more than scrub vegetation along its shoreline. Summers here are warm and dry, becoming cold with a few showers in the winter.

Occasional earthquakes are possible in the south and east of the country.

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