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Namibia climate guide
Read our complete guide to the climate in Namibia.
|Maximum daytime temperature °C|
|Hours of sunshine (daily)|
|Days with some rainfall|
Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Namibia for next month - January. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year.
Recommended for Namibia
The climate guide for Namibia (Windhoek) shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Find out more about our data sources.
Metric (°C / mm) | Imperial (°F / inches)
Namibia climate overview
Namibia is a sparsely populated country in southwest Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean to the north of South Africa. Once a German colony, the country still displays remnants of its colonial past in the architecture of its capital, Windhoek.
There is a great variety of landscapes within Namibia, but whether mountainous or flat the dominant feature is desert. This is because the Benguela current that flows north along the Atlantic coast is so cold that water rarely evaporates off the sea to fall as rain on land.
The only moisture that makes it ashore is the spring and summer sea-fogs that shroud the coast during most mornings and extend a long way inland. Coastal daytime temperatures are warm in the summer months from November to April, and comfortable during winter from June to September.
The coast itself is sparsely populated with just a handful of towns such as Luderitz and Swakopmund, bizarrely surrounded by sea on one side and sand dunes on the other. About 100 miles north of Swakopmund lies the famous 'Skeleton Coast' named after the rusting hulls of ships and the bones of dead whales that litter the beaches.
Further inland, the landscape rises to a central plateau bordered by an escarpment of rugged mountains running north-south, which contain the spectacular Fish River canyon in the south and the red cliffs of the Etosha National Park in the north.
The plateau itself has a semi-arid, stony landscape supporting little more than scrubby vegetation. The southern end of the plateau gives way to the Kalahari Desert that stretches into neighbouring Botswana and South Africa.
The central plateau experiences mostly dry and sunny winters with comfortable to warm daytime temperatures. Due to the high altitude in winter it can become cold at night and frost is not uncommon. Summer rains are light, falling between November and April, and mostly during the afternoons when temperatures are at their highest.
The northeast is home to the Kavango and Caprivi regions where grassy savannah, dense woodland, and the Okavango River contrast with the dryness of the rest of the country. Here there is a reliable summer rainy season that runs from November to April, enabling farmers in some areas to grow crops of millet, maize and vegetables. By contrast in winter virtually no rain falls.
Although most of Namibia is desert, its relative southerly location and high elevation above sea level creates a pleasant climate. Extremes of heat are uncommon. It can however become quite windy especially along the coast in summer, and particularly in the south.
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