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Nigeria climate guide
Get the latest coronavirus (Covid-19) updates for Nigeria with current travel advice and statistics on new cases per 100,000 and vaccine.
Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Nigeria for next month - October. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year.
Recommended for Nigeria
The climate guide for Nigeria shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Find out more about our data sources.
Metric (°C / mm) | Imperial (°F / inches)
Nigeria climate overview
With a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and stretching north to the borders of the Sahara Desert, Nigeria is the most populous country by far in all of Africa. Like so many other modern African states, it was a creation of European imperialism, having been a British colony until 1960.
The northern border with Niger is semi-desert with little more than hardy scrub vegetation. Winters are dry, sunny and warm by day but cold at night. Strong Harmattan sandstorms are also possible in the dry winter months. After a very hot spring, the rainy season brings thunderstorms from May to September and temperatures fall a few degrees.
The dryness of the extreme north soon gives way to savannah and open woodland, which dominates the rest of northern Nigeria. The undulating landscape rises gently to the central Jos Plateau where large expanses of grassland prevail. Summer thunderstorms arrive in early May and continue until October, during which time temperatures are warm to hot. The drier winter season runs from November to April but at this time of year strong dusty winds plague the region.
The southern half of Nigeria is much greener, as savannah grassland leads down to pockets of lush tropical rainforest towards the Gulf of Guinea coast. Forests also clad the spectacular Mambila Mountains that run along the Cameroon border. The Niger River meanders across the countryside, emptying into the Gulf via a marshy and mosquito infested delta. The coast itself is home to scenic sandy beaches and mangrove swamp.
Southern Nigeria is the country's wettest region with only a brief dry season from November to February. Thunderstorms are likely throughout the rest of the year but June and September are particularly wet. The warm or hot temperatures vary little and are accompanied by high summer humidity.
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