Guatemala climate guide

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Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Guatemala for next month - December. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year.

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The climate guide for Guatemala shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Find out more about our data sources.

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Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches)

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Guatemala climate overview

Lying in the north of Central America, Guatemala has both Caribbean and Pacific coastlines. Its mainly agricultural economy has been hit hard over the years by natural disasters that have included volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, hurricanes and floods.

A high mountain range accounts for most of the southern half of the country. This is where the majority of the population lives among no less than 30 volcanoes, most with well formed cones, some of which are still active. Cloud-jungle dominates the upper slopes with extensive dense forest covering the rolling foothills below.

The mountains are high enough to escape the tropical heat and humidity, and at altitude temperatures during the wet season are not excessive. In the dry season they are cool and it can even be cold at night. The very cloudy and rainy wet season runs from May to October, followed by a drier and sunnier 'winter' season from December to March.

In the northern half of Guatemala, vast lowland plains support huge expanses of largely inaccessible, undulating hardwood forest, dotted with the occasional banana plantation. Here it is hot with high to very high heat and humidity during the wet season, while 'winters' are warm with a brief dry season lasting from February to April.

The coastal plain along the Pacific coast is intensely cultivated, sustaining plantations of coffee, sugarcane, and bananas, alongside cotton fields. The crops benefit from the high rainfall, which is confined to the months from May to October when it is also very hot and humid. The dry season is less hot and a lot sunnier.

Guatemala lives under the constant threat of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

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