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Nigeria climate guide
Temperature in Nigeria (°C)
|Max temperature (daytime)|
|Min temperature (night-time)|
Sunshine & Daylight in Nigeria
|Daily hours of sunshine|
|Daily hours of daylight|
Rainfall in Nigeria
|Number of days with some rain|
|Average monthly rainfall (mm)|
More climate for Nigeria
|UV Index (Maximum)|
|Heat & Humidity|
Note: 0 = None, L = Low, M = Moderate, H = High, VH = Very high, E = Extreme
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The climate guide shown above is for Abuja.
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Metric (°C / mm) | Imperial (°F / inches)
Nigeria climate overview
With a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and stretching north to the borders of the Sahara Desert, Nigeria is the most populous country by far in all of Africa. Like so many other modern African states, it was a creation of European imperialism, having been a British colony until 1960.
The northern border with Niger is semi-desert with little more than hardy scrub vegetation. Winters are dry, sunny and warm by day but cold at night. Strong Harmattan sandstorms are also possible in the dry winter months. After a very hot spring, the rainy season brings thunderstorms from May to September and temperatures fall a few degrees.
The dryness of the extreme north soon gives way to savannah and open woodland, which dominates the rest of northern Nigeria. The undulating landscape rises gently to the central Jos Plateau where large expanses of grassland prevail. Summer thunderstorms arrive in early May and continue until October, during which time temperatures are warm to hot. The drier winter season runs from November to April but at this time of year strong dusty winds plague the region.
The southern half of Nigeria is much greener, as savannah grassland leads down to pockets of lush tropical rainforest towards the Gulf of Guinea coast. Forests also clad the spectacular Mambila Mountains that run along the Cameroon border. The Niger River meanders across the countryside, emptying into the Gulf via a marshy and mosquito infested delta. The coast itself is home to scenic sandy beaches and mangrove swamp.
Southern Nigeria is the country's wettest region with only a brief dry season from November to February. Thunderstorms are likely throughout the rest of the year but June and September are particularly wet. The warm or hot temperatures vary little and are accompanied by high summer humidity.
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