UK travel list

The UK traffic light system has been replaced by a simpler UK travel list with countries defined as Red or ROW (Rest of the World). The international travel rules differ for fully vaccinated and non-fully vaccinated travellers.

For a full summary of Covid-19 statistics and entry regulations by country, and to compare destinations around the world, visit our interactive Covid-19 travel planner.

UK quarantine & testing for travellers

The UK travel list categorises countries according to their risk and remains under constant review. Three main factors are being considered when it comes to categorising countries: their vaccination rates, the prevalence of Covid-19 and variants and the capability of their genome sequencing.

The results determine whether countries are listed in ROW (Rest of the World) or Red categories and, therefore, what will be required of fully vaccinated or unvaccinated travellers when returning from those destinations.

Travellers to the UK from Pre-departure test in destination Testing on UK arrival Quarantine on UK arrival
ROW list - fully vaccinated Not required PCR test on or before day 2 Not required
ROW list - not vaccinated Required PCR test - days 2 & 8 10 days at home - Test to Release (England only) on day 5
Red list - fully vaccinated Required PCR test on or before day 2 10 days in quarantine hotel at a cost*
Red list - not vaccinated Required PCR test - days 2 & 8 10 days in quarantine hotel at a cost*

*Only UK and Irish residents are permitted to enter the UK from Red list countries.

The quarantine and testing requirements when travelling between countries within the Common Travel Area (CTA), including the UK, Ireland, Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, are different to ROW list countries.

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When will the UK travel list be updated?

The UK travel list was created 4 October 2021 to replace the traffic list system (red, amber and green lists) . It is reviewed every three weeks. The next review will take place around 7 October 2021.

Don't miss: our complete guide to Covid-19 testing for travel.

How do I book a Covid-19 test for travel?

There are numerous ways in which you can book a Covid-19 test with a government-approved private test provider. Lateral flow tests can cost from £5 to £50, while PCR tests cost from £40 to over £150. You will need to pre-book your PCR test before you return and it will need to be recorded on your passenger locator form.

The cost of tests varies widely so it is vital that you do your research to avoid paying more than you need to. Some airlines and tour operators provide access to discounts on tests if you are travelling with them.

What is the passenger locator form?

You will need to complete a passenger locator form online up to 48 hours before arriving in the UK. You'll need to show your form when you check in to travel or board your plane, train or ferry to the UK.

Do I still need a test if I've been vaccinated?

Yes, even if you've been vaccinated you will still need to take the required tests depending on where you have travelled from, for now at least. This may change if vaccine passports become more widely accepted.

UK travel list - with ROW & red list countries © Simon Dannhauer - Fotolia.com
UK travel list - with ROW & red list countries © Simon Dannhauer - Fotolia.com

What is the Common Travel Area (CTA)?

The Common Travel Area (CTA) is a long-standing agreement between the UK, including Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man, and the Republic of Ireland. It guarantees the freedom of movement of British and Irish citizens with benefits such as the right to work, study and access healthcare.

However, when it comes to planning a holiday in 2021, this does not necessarily mean that UK citizens are able to travel quarantine and test-free within the Common Travel Area. The CTA agreement takes second place to all Covid-19 restrictions in any of the CTA territories.

Travelling into the UK from any of the Common Travel Area countries involves fewer restrictions than travelling from a green list country because no tests or quarantine are required. However, the same cannot be said when travelling in the opposite direction.

Find out more about the restrictions for travelling to the following destinations:

Destinations Current travel status
Isle of Man Open to everyone who is fully vaccinated and not travelled outside the CTA in the previous 10 days
Northern Ireland Travel from other areas of the UK is no longer restricted to essential travel only
Ireland Travel from the UK is possible but with restrictions such as quarantine
Jersey Travel from the UK is possible with minor restrictions if unvaccinated, but free of quarantine if fully vaccinated
Guernsey Travel from the UK is possible with restrictions such as quarantine. Fully vaccinated arrivals can skip quarantine

Do I need to take Covid-19 tests if I travel to the UK from the Common Travel Area?

No. If you arrive in the UK from the Channel Islands (Jersey and Guernsey), Isle of Man or Ireland, you do not need to take a pre-departure Covid-19 test as long as you have not been outside of the Common Travel Area in the previous 10 days.

Do I need to quarantine if I travel to the UK from the Common Travel Area?

No. If you travel to the UK from the Channel Islands (Jersey and Guernsey), Isle of Man or Ireland, you do not need to quarantine as long as you have not been outside of the Common Travel Area in the previous 10 days.

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Latest updates to the UK travel list

The traffic light system has been replaced by a two tier system. All amber list countries have been consolidated into the green list which is now known as the "Rest of the World" (ROW) list.

Fully vaccinated travellers arriving from ROW list countries will no longer have to take a pre-departure test. The rules for Red list countries remain the same.

From 4am on Monday 11 October 2021 the following countries will move from the Red list to the ROW list.

  • Afghanistan
  • Angola
  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Burundi
  • Cape Verde
  • Chile
  • Congo-Kinshasa
  • Costa Rica
  • Cuba
  • Eritrea
  • Eswatini
  • Ethiopia
  • French Guiana
  • Georgia
  • Guyana
  • Indonesia
  • Lesotho
  • Malawi
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Paraguay
  • Philippines
  • Rwanda
  • Reunion
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Uganda
  • Uruguay
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

From late October, day two PCR tests will be replaced with cheaper lateral flow tests for fully vaccinated travellers.

Can I travel to any country on the ROW list?

No. It's vital that you check the entry requirements for the country you would like to visit as some destinations remain closed to tourists, others have strict quarantine conditons, while some simply ask for a test. Check out the complete list below to see all current entry requirements.

Rules for UK arrivals >>

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UK travel list

The following tables show the updated Red list and ROW list as of Monday 4 October 2021, latest Covid-19 statistics and entry requirements:

ROW list countries + Common Travel Area

Region UK list New cases/100k 7-day avg Vaccinations In destination
Partial Full Status Action
Afghanistan ROW <1 2.1%   Closed Test
Albania ROW 111.5 33.8% 29.4% Open Test
Algeria ROW 1.8 13.5% 9% Open Test + quarantine
American Samoa ROW       Open for vaccinated Test
Andorra ROW 52.5 70.2% 61.7% Open Test
Angola ROW 8.0 9.3% 3.8% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Anguilla ROW 899.9 63% 60.4% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Antigua ROW 252.2 55.5% 45.7% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Argentina ROW 12.3 67.2% 53% Closed Test + quarantine
Armenia ROW 257.8 11.6% 5.7% Open Test
Aruba ROW 102.1     Open Test
Australia ROW 63.0 70.2% 53.9% Closed Test + quarantine
Austria ROW 142.7 64.2% 60.9% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Azerbaijan ROW 57.2 48.2% 40.9% Open Test
Azores ROW 49.0 83% 82% Open Test
Bahamas ROW 52.4 32.5% 25.2% Open Test
Bahrain ROW 59.3 66.9% 64.8% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Balearic Islands ROW 26.4 81.9% 80% Open Test
Bangladesh ROW 3.0 22.5% 11.2% Open Test + quarantine
Barbados ROW 670.6 49.6% 39.3% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Belarus ROW 166.6 23.7% 17.2% Open Test
Belgium ROW 128.2 74.3% 72.9% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Belize ROW 118.5 49.4% 35.7% Open Test
Benin ROW 3.7 1.7% 1.5% Open Test
Bermuda ROW 187.9 71.8% 69.5% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Bhutan ROW <1 75.1% 64.4% Closed Quarantine
Bolivia ROW 10.2 36.8% 29.3% Open Test + quarantine
Bonaire ROW       Open Test
Bosnia & Herzegovina ROW 128.3 22.5% 15.6% Open Test
Botswana ROW 51.8 21.9% 10.8% Open Test
Brazil ROW 50.7 72.4% 47% Open Test
British Indian Ocean Territory ROW       Closed None
British Virgin Islands ROW 162.1 57.9% 50.8% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Brunei ROW 158.6 76% 49.1% Closed Test + quarantine
Bulgaria ROW 213.9 20.4%   Closed Test + quarantine
Burkina Faso ROW <1 1.3% <1% Open Test
Burundi ROW 6.1     Open Test
Cambodia ROW 9.5 79.9% 71.6% Open Test + quarantine
Cameroon ROW 11.7 1.5% <1% Closed Test
Canada ROW 39.1 77.4% 72.5% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Canary Islands ROW 24.3 84.9% 82.5% Open Test
Cape Verde ROW 41.4 51.8% 29.6% Open Test
Cayman Islands ROW 118.7 83.9% 83.9% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine
Central African Republic ROW <1 5% <1% Open Test + quarantine
Chad ROW <1 <1% <1% Open Test + quarantine
Chile ROW 32.1 83.4% 74.5% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine
China ROW <1 76.2% 70.8% Closed Test + quarantine
Comoros ROW 1.3 22.4% 18.2% Open Test
Congo-Brazzaville ROW 4.9 4.9% 2.1% Open Test + quarantine
Congo-Kinshasa ROW <1 <1% <1% Open Test
Cook Islands ROW   64.9% 63.3% Closed None
Costa Rica ROW 170.4 68.6% 46.6% Open None
Croatia ROW 224.5 45.6% 42.7% Open Test
Cuba ROW 226.1 85.3% 57.4% Open Test + quarantine
Curacao ROW 113.3 60% 54.9% Open Test
Cyprus ROW 97.5 67.5% 63.5% Open Test
Czech Republic ROW 48.2 57.1% 56.1% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Denmark ROW 69.6 76.8% 75.6% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Djibouti ROW 31.1 6.6% 2.6% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Dominica ROW 469.5 36.4% 30.2% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
East Timor ROW 6.1 36.9% 23.4% Closed Test + quarantine
Egypt ROW 5.5 13% 6.3% Open Test
El Salvador ROW 51.1 64.9% 55.1% Open Test
Equatorial Guinea ROW 18.1 16.3% 12.3% Open Test + quarantine
Eritrea ROW <1 2.5% <1% Closed Test + quarantine
Estonia ROW 485.3 57.9% 54.6% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Eswatini ROW 19.7 19.8% 19.2% Open Test
Ethiopia ROW 5.1     Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Falkland Islands ROW 0 73.1% 49.3% Closed Quarantine
Faroe Islands ROW 149.4 79% 75.2% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Fiji ROW 33.1 65.9% 54.9% Closed Test + quarantine
Finland ROW 64.5 75.2% 66% Open for vaccinated Vaccine
France ROW 43.7 75.1% 67% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
French Guiana ROW       Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
French Polynesia ROW 63.4 54.5% 51% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Gabon ROW 68.2 5.3% 3.8% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Gambia ROW <1 7.4% 6.9% Open Test
Georgia ROW 425.2 25.3% 22.4% Open Test
Germany ROW 69.7 68.2% 65.1% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Ghana ROW 2.9 4.3% 2.6% Open Test
Gibraltar ROW 157.3 100% 100% Open Test
Greece ROW 144.5 62.9% 60.6% Open Test
Greenland ROW 56.4 70.3% 64.3% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Grenada ROW 298.6 31.6% 23.3% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Guadeloupe ROW       Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Guam ROW 541.5     Closed Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Guatemala ROW 73.3 27.2% 16% Open Test
Guernsey CTA 110.1 49.2% 20.3% Open None
Guinea ROW <1 9.6% 4.6% Open Test
Guinea-Bissau ROW <1 5.5% <1% Open Test
Guyana ROW 154.2 46.7% 28.5% Open for vaccinated Test
Honduras ROW 17.7 33.2% 24.7% Open Test
Hong Kong ROW   60.2% 57% Closed Test + quarantine
Hungary ROW 46.9 61.4% 59.1% Open Test
Iceland ROW 78.3 82.2% 80.9% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
India ROW 9.9 49.7% 19.8% Closed Test + quarantine
Indonesia ROW 3.2 37.7% 21.9% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine
Iran ROW 95.2 53% 22.7% Open Test
Iraq ROW 35.0 12.2% 7.7% Open Test
Ireland CTA 192.0 76% 74.6% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Isle of Man CTA 497.5 76.7% 75% Open for vaccinated Vaccine
Israel ROW 167.8 70.5% 64.8% Closed Test + quarantine
Italy ROW 30.7 76.3% 69.6% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Ivory Coast ROW 1.5 7.3% 2.2% Open Test
Jamaica ROW 49.6 18.8% 11.1% Open Test
Japan ROW 5.4 75% 66.4% Closed Test + quarantine
Jersey CTA 176.3 77.3% 73.5% Open Test
Jordan ROW 71.3 37.1% 33.1% Open Test
Kazakhstan ROW 65.4 41.8% 37% Open Test
Kenya ROW 1.9 5.7% 1.9% Open Test
Kiribati ROW   35.5% 6.9% Closed Test
Kosovo ROW 11.1 42.8% 33.5% Open Test
Kuwait ROW 6.5 61.6%   Closed Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Kyrgyzstan ROW 8.5 13.5% 10.2% Open Test
Laos ROW 26.9 40.4% 28.2% Closed Test + quarantine
Latvia ROW 505.1 52.6% 48.8% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Lebanon ROW 61.6 25% 20.8% Open Test
Lesotho ROW 4.4 16.1% 15.7% Open Test
Liberia ROW <1 1.6% <1% Open Test
Libya ROW 61.9 20.7% 4.3% Open Test + quarantine
Liechtenstein ROW 33.6 64.8% 60.4% Open for vaccinated Test
Lithuania ROW 536.2 65.9% 61% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Luxembourg ROW 110.5 66.4%   Closed Test
Macau ROW   56.6% 47.7% Closed Test + quarantine
Madagascar ROW <1 <1% <1% Closed Test + quarantine
Madeira ROW 26.4 83% 82% Open Test
Malawi ROW <1 4.4% 2.6% Open Test
Malaysia ROW 191.6 75.3% 66.8% Closed Test + quarantine
Maldives ROW 93.6 72.4% 63.9% Open Test
Mali ROW <1 1.5% 1.2% Open Test
Malta ROW 26.6 82.6% 82.5% Open for vaccinated Vaccine
Marshall Islands ROW 0     Closed Quarantine
Martinique ROW       Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Mauritania ROW 5.4 14.9% 12.3% Open Test + quarantine
Mauritius ROW 40.5 69.3% 65.3% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Mayotte ROW       Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Mexico ROW 31.8 51.7% 38.1% Open None
Micronesia ROW 0     Closed Test + quarantine
Midway Island ROW       Closed None
Moldova ROW 233.4 20.5%   Open Test
Monaco ROW 48.4 67.5% 59% Open for vaccinated Vaccine
Mongolia ROW 255.4 67.7% 64.1% Closed Test + quarantine
Montenegro ROW 418.4 40.1% 36.2% Open Test
Montserrat ROW 160.0 30.1% 28.2% Closed Test + quarantine
Morocco ROW 10.4 62% 55.1% Open Test
Mozambique ROW <1 5.9% 5.5% Open Test
Myanmar ROW 18.7 15.3% 7.1% Closed Test + quarantine
Namibia ROW 12.8 11.1% 8.1% Open Test
Nauru ROW   69.8% 66.5% Closed Test + quarantine
Nepal ROW 17.2 28.3% 21.8% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Netherlands ROW 92.9 75% 67.6% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
New Caledonia ROW 365.7 56.6% 42.9% Closed Test + quarantine
New Zealand ROW 5.7 72.3% 53.5% Closed Test + quarantine
Nicaragua ROW 10.4 10% 4.9% Open Test
Niger ROW <1 1.7% <1% Open Test + quarantine
Nigeria ROW <1 2.4% 1.1% Open Test + quarantine
Niue ROW   73.3% 70.2% Closed Test + quarantine
North Korea ROW       Closed Quarantine
North Macedonia ROW 116.2 38.2% 35.9% Open Test
Northern Mariana Islands ROW 0     Open Test + quarantine
Norway ROW 56.4 76.6% 67.7% Open Quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Oman ROW 2.2 56.7% 43.9% Open for vaccinated Test
Pakistan ROW 3.4 28.8% 15.5% Open for vaccinated Vaccine
Palau ROW 0     Open Test + quarantine
Papua New Guinea ROW 26.3 1.5% <1% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Paraguay ROW 2.5 39.3% 27.7% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Philippines ROW 66.8 25.1% 19.2% Closed Test + quarantine
Pitcairn Island ROW   100% 100% Closed Test
Poland ROW 31.0 52.8% 52% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Portugal ROW 42.1 88.3% 86.4% Open Test
Puerto Rico ROW 31.0     Closed Test
Qatar ROW 15.1 80.5% 75.7% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Reunion ROW       Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Romania ROW 474.3 32.9% 29.2% Open for vaccinated Quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Russia ROW 111.7 34.3% 31.1% Open Test
Rwanda ROW 7.1 20.6% 12.9% Open Test
Saba ROW       Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Samoa ROW 0 57.3% 28.8% Closed Test + quarantine
San Marino ROW 75.5 73.1% 65.1% Open Test
Sao Tome & Principe ROW 42.4 33.6% 12.4% Open Test
Saudi Arabia ROW <1 67.5% 58.1% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Senegal ROW <1 7.4% 3.3% Open Test
Serbia ROW 637.6 45% 43.1% Open Test
Seychelles ROW 216.6 78.2% 71.9% Open Test
Sierra Leone ROW 0 3.6% <1% Open Test
Singapore ROW 395.2 80.2% 79.2% Closed Test + quarantine
Sint Eustatius ROW       Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Sint Maarten ROW 142.3 60% 55.4% Open Test
Slovakia ROW 200.2 45.3% 41.7% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Slovenia ROW 266.3 54.8% 51% Open Test
Solomon Islands ROW 0 16.1% 4% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine
Somalia ROW 4.4 2.1% 1.6% Open Test
South Africa ROW 9.6 23.2% 17% Open Test
South Georgia ROW       Closed None
South Korea ROW 25.4 78.4% 62.5% Open Test + quarantine
South Sudan ROW <1 <1% <1% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Spain ROW 25.5 81% 79.1% Open Test
Sri Lanka ROW 27.8 68.6% 58.7% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
St Barthelemy ROW       Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
St Kitts & Nevis ROW 768.9 48.5% 42.6% Open for vaccinated Test
St Lucia ROW 176.4 26.2% 19.8% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
St Martin ROW       Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
St Pierre & Miquelon ROW       Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
St Vincent & the Grenadines ROW 288.4 19.2% 12.4% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Sudan ROW 1.1 1.4% 1.3% Open Test
Suriname ROW 367.7 40.5% 30.9% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Sweden ROW 40.0 70.9% 66.7% Closed Test
Switzerland ROW 7.4 64.6% 60.5% Open for vaccinated Test
Syria ROW 11.6 3.7% 2% Closed Test
Taiwan ROW <1 59.3% 20.4% Closed Test + quarantine
Tajikistan ROW 0 25.3% 19.5% Open Test + quarantine
Tanzania ROW <1 <1% <1% Open Test
Thailand ROW 105.4 51.3% 34.7% Open Test + quarantine
Togo ROW 2.9 9.5% 4.8% Open Quarantine
Tokelau ROW   70.3% 70.3% Closed Test + quarantine
Tonga ROW   44% 25.8% Closed Test + quarantine
Trinidad & Tobago ROW 104.3 43.1% 39.9% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Tunisia ROW 12.6 44.5% 34.5% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Turkey ROW 246.8 64.4% 55.2% Open Test
Turkmenistan ROW   71.3% 52.3% Closed Test + quarantine
Turks & Caicos ROW 139.5 72% 66.4% Open for vaccinated Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Tuvalu ROW   52.1% 39% Closed Test + quarantine
UAE ROW 8.8 94.9% 84.9% Open Test
Uganda ROW 1.5 5% <1% Open Test
Ukraine ROW 206.0 17.9% 14.6% Open Test
Uruguay ROW 24.6 78.9% 74.7% Closed Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
USA ROW 198.4 65.5% 56.6% Closed Test
Uzbekistan ROW 9.8 35.4% 14.6% Open Test + quarantine
Vanuatu ROW 0 18.8% 9% Closed Test + quarantine
Vietnam ROW 31.9 41.4% 17.1% Closed Test + quarantine
Virgin Islands ROW 104.4     Closed Test
Wake Island ROW       Closed None
Wallis & Futuna ROW 0 51.8% 47.4% Closed Test + quarantine
Western Sahara ROW 0     Open Test
Yemen ROW <1 1% <1% Closed Test + quarantine
Zambia ROW 1.0 1.6% 1.5% Open Test
Zimbabwe ROW   21.2% 16.3% Open Test

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Red list countries

Region UK list New cases/100k 7-day avg Vaccinations In destination
Partial Full Status Action
Colombia Red 19.8 54.9% 37.1% Open None
Dominican Republic Red 33.7 56.6% 45.9% Open Test
Ecuador Red 8.1 65% 56% Open Test
Haiti Red 2.0 <1% <1% Open Test
Panama Red 31.1 67.4% 53% Open Test + quarantine excl. fully vaccinated
Peru Red 16.3 51.1% 39.5% Open Test
Venezuela Red 35.3 34.6% 21.6% Open Test

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