Tajikistan climate guide

Temperature in Tajikistan (°C)

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max temperature (daytime)
7°C maximum daytime temperature in January in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)7
9°C maximum daytime temperature in February in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)9
14°C maximum daytime temperature in March in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)14
21°C maximum daytime temperature in April in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)21
26°C maximum daytime temperature in May in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)26
32°C maximum daytime temperature in June in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)32
35°C maximum daytime temperature in July in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)35
34°C maximum daytime temperature in August in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)34
29°C maximum daytime temperature in September in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)29
22°C maximum daytime temperature in October in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)22
16°C maximum daytime temperature in November in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)16
10°C maximum daytime temperature in December in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)10
Min temperature (night-time)
-2°C minimum night-time temperature in January in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)-2
-1°C minimum night-time temperature in February in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)-1
4°C minimum night-time temperature in March in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)4
10°C minimum night-time temperature in April in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)10
13°C minimum night-time temperature in May in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)13
17°C minimum night-time temperature in June in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)17
19°C minimum night-time temperature in July in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)19
17°C minimum night-time temperature in August in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)17
12°C minimum night-time temperature in September in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)12
8°C minimum night-time temperature in October in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)8
4°C minimum night-time temperature in November in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)4
1°C minimum night-time temperature in December in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)1

Sunshine & Daylight in Tajikistan

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily hours of sunshine
4 hours of sunshine per day (40% of daylight hours) in January in Tajikistan4
4 hours of sunshine per day (40% of daylight hours) in February in Tajikistan4
5 hours of sunshine per day (43% of daylight hours) in March in Tajikistan5
7 hours of sunshine per day (51% of daylight hours) in April in Tajikistan7
9 hours of sunshine per day (64% of daylight hours) in May in Tajikistan9
12 hours of sunshine per day (78% of daylight hours) in June in Tajikistan12
12 hours of sunshine per day (80% of daylight hours) in July in Tajikistan12
11 hours of sunshine per day (81% of daylight hours) in August in Tajikistan11
10 hours of sunshine per day (77% of daylight hours) in September in Tajikistan10
7 hours of sunshine per day (64% of daylight hours) in October in Tajikistan7
6 hours of sunshine per day (55% of daylight hours) in November in Tajikistan6
4 hours of sunshine per day (40% of daylight hours) in December in Tajikistan4
Daily hours of daylight
10 hours of daylight per day in January in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)10
11 hours of daylight per day in February in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)11
12 hours of daylight per day in March in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)12
13 hours of daylight per day in April in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)13
14 hours of daylight per day in May in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)14
15 hours of daylight per day in June in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)15
15 hours of daylight per day in July in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)15
14 hours of daylight per day in August in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)14
12 hours of daylight per day in September in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)12
11 hours of daylight per day in October in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)11
10 hours of daylight per day in November in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)10
10 hours of daylight per day in December in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)10

Rainfall in Tajikistan

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Number of days with some rain
11 days with some rainfall in January in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)11
13 days with some rainfall in February in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)13
15 days with some rainfall in March in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)15
13 days with some rainfall in April in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)13
10 days with some rainfall in May in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)10
3 days with some rainfall in June in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)3
1 day with some rainfall in July in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)1
1 day with some rainfall in August in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)1
1 day with some rainfall in September in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)1
6 days with some rainfall in October in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)6
8 days with some rainfall in November in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)8
11 days with some rainfall in December in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)11
Average monthly rainfall (mm)
67 mm monthly rainfall in January in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)67
75 mm monthly rainfall in February in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)75
108 mm monthly rainfall in March in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)108
106 mm monthly rainfall in April in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)106
69 mm monthly rainfall in May in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)69
7 mm monthly rainfall in June in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)7
4 mm monthly rainfall in July in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)4
1 mm monthly rainfall in August in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)1
3 mm monthly rainfall in September in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)3
31 mm monthly rainfall in October in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)31
45 mm monthly rainfall in November in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)45
60 mm monthly rainfall in December in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)60

More climate for Tajikistan

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
UV Index (Maximum)
UV (maximum) index 2 (Low) in January in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)2
UV (maximum) index 3 (Moderate) in February in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)3
UV (maximum) index 5 (Moderate) in March in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)5
UV (maximum) index 8 (Very High) in April in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)8
UV (maximum) index 10 (Very High) in May in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)10
UV (maximum) index 11 (Extreme) in June in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)11
UV (maximum) index 11 (Extreme) in July in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)11
UV (maximum) index 10 (Very High) in August in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)10
UV (maximum) index 8 (Very High) in September in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)8
UV (maximum) index 5 (Moderate) in October in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)5
UV (maximum) index 3 (Moderate) in November in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)3
UV (maximum) index 2 (Low) in December in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)2
Heat & Humidity
No heat & humidity in January in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)0
No heat & humidity in February in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)0
No heat & humidity in March in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)0
No heat & humidity in April in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)0
Low heat & humidity in May in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)L
High heat & humidity in June in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)H
High heat & humidity in July in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)H
High heat & humidity in August in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)H
Moderate heat & humidity in September in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)M
No heat & humidity in October in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)0
No heat & humidity in November in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)0
No heat & humidity in December in Tajikistan (Dushanbe)0

Note: 0 = None, L = Low, M = Moderate, H = High, VH = Very high, E = Extreme

Going to Tajikistan? Find the best month to visit Tajikistan based on the weather.

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Check climate guides for Tajikistan showing average temperature, rainfall & sunshine figures for each month of the year. The climate guide shown above is for Dushanbe.

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More about Tajikistan

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

The climate guide for Tajikistan, represented by Dushanbe, shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Find out more about our data sources.

Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches)

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Tajikistan climate overview

Rugged and mountainous, Tajikistan sits at the heart of Central Asia on the old Silk Route. Persians, Mongols, Turks, Afghans and Russians have all over the centuries occupied this area.

For years the Russians recognised it both as a gateway to India and as a buffer against Afghanistan. However after the collapse of the former Soviet Union long standing clan-based tensions erupted into violence. The political situation today is fairly settled but security, particularly in border areas, is poor.

Apart from a small area to the south of the capital Dushanbe all the country is mountainous. The highest ranges are in the east where the Pamir Mountains contain some of the loftiest peaks in Asia rising to over 6,000 metres (19,700 ft). Spectacular scenery with deep gorges and wide passes can be found along the Pamir Highway between Khorugh and Karakul.

Mountain weather is bitterly cold during the winter with snow showers at any time. All of the highlands are snow covered by November, but this melts at lower levels with the onset of spring in April. Summer temperatures are comfortable further down the mountains, with very little rain and plenty of sunshine.

In the far southwest of the country lies a lowland river plain. This fertile region supports extensive cotton fields, the country's main export. Summers in the lowlands tend to be dry and hot with plenty of sunshine. A few showers develop during the winter months and it can become cold, but most of the plain remains snow-free.

Tajikistan lies in a very active seismic belt and is prone to many earthquakes every year.

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