Tajikistan climate guide: monthly weather averages

The Tajikistan climate guides are perfect for planning your holiday. Monthly weather averages give the best indication of what the weather is usually like for every month of the year including figures for temperature, rainfall and sunshine. The climate guide shown below is for Dushanbe.

Temperature in Tajikistan (°C)

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max temperature (daytime)
Min temperature (night-time)

Sunshine & Daylight in Tajikistan

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily hours of sunshine
Daily hours of daylight

Rainfall in Tajikistan

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Number of days with some rain
Average monthly rainfall (mm)

More climate for Tajikistan

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
UV Index (Maximum)
Heat & Humidity

Note: 0 = None, L = Low, M = Moderate, H = High, VH = Very high, E = Extreme

Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches)

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Tajikistan climate overview

Rugged and mountainous, Tajikistan sits at the heart of Central Asia on the old Silk Route. Persians, Mongols, Turks, Afghans and Russians have all over the centuries occupied this area.

For years the Russians recognised it both as a gateway to India and as a buffer against Afghanistan. However after the collapse of the former Soviet Union long standing clan-based tensions erupted into violence. The political situation today is fairly settled but security, particularly in border areas, is poor.

Apart from a small area to the south of the capital Dushanbe all the country is mountainous. The highest ranges are in the east where the Pamir Mountains contain some of the loftiest peaks in Asia rising to over 6,000 metres (19,700 ft). Spectacular scenery with deep gorges and wide passes can be found along the Pamir Highway between Khorugh and Karakul.

Mountain weather is bitterly cold during the winter with snow showers at any time. All of the highlands are snow covered by November, but this melts at lower levels with the onset of spring in April. Summer temperatures are comfortable further down the mountains, with very little rain and plenty of sunshine.

In the far southwest of the country lies a lowland river plain. This fertile region supports extensive cotton fields, the country's main export. Summers in the lowlands tend to be dry and hot with plenty of sunshine. A few showers develop during the winter months and it can become cold, but most of the plain remains snow-free.

Tajikistan lies in a very active seismic belt and is prone to many earthquakes every year.

Tajikistan climate by month

Check Tajikistan climate for a particular month by selecting from the list below. Monthly climate guides include figures for temperature, rainfall, sunshine hours and sea temperature plus daily sunrise & sunset times.

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