Algeria climate guide

Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Algeria for next month - October. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year.

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The climate guide for Algeria shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Find out more about our data sources.

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Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches)

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Algeria climate overview

Algeria is the largest country in Africa extending from the western Mediterranean to more than half way across the Sahara Desert. Colonised by the French in the nineteenth century Algeria gained its independence in 1962. However since 1992 the country has been torn by internal conflict, and despite government efforts to attract foreign investment and tourists, it remains largely unsafe for visitors.

The Mediterranean coastal strip in the extreme north is where 90% of the population lives. Here the Saharan Atlas Mountain Plateau runs parallel to the coast, creating a narrow but fertile coastal plain with coastal massifs and scenic beaches. The mountains themselves support cedar, cypress, and pine forests with broad arable plains on the plateau.

The climate in the north is at its best during summer when it is sunny and mostly dry from June to September. Afternoon sea breezes pleasantly cool coastal regions from the otherwise warm or hot daytime temperatures. Rain is possible throughout the rest of the year, but usually is heaviest in December and January when coastal areas are exposed to winter storms.

The central part of Algeria is largely desert with scenery ranging from stunning dunes to gravely plains. Apart from isolated mining towns, the region is sparsely populated, although a few nomadic herdsmen brave the inhospitable environment. The land rises again in the south with the Hoggar Massif and the Tassili N'Ajjer or 'Plateau of Chasms', running down to the Niger border. Due to the intense aridity, there is little or no vegetation.

The harsh desert landscape has a climate to match. It becomes progressively drier further south, until virtually no rain falls at all. Summers are extremely hot and winters are warm by day but cold by night. In winter strong Harmattan winds can sweep across the desert, creating vicious sandstorms.

Occasional earthquakes are possible.

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