Saudi Arabia climate guide

Temperature in Saudi Arabia (°C)

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max temperature (daytime)
20°C maximum daytime temperature in January in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)20
23°C maximum daytime temperature in February in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)23
28°C maximum daytime temperature in March in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)28
33°C maximum daytime temperature in April in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)33
39°C maximum daytime temperature in May in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)39
42°C maximum daytime temperature in June in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)42
43°C maximum daytime temperature in July in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)43
43°C maximum daytime temperature in August in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)43
40°C maximum daytime temperature in September in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)40
35°C maximum daytime temperature in October in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)35
28°C maximum daytime temperature in November in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)28
22°C maximum daytime temperature in December in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)22
Min temperature (night-time)
8°C minimum night-time temperature in January in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)8
10°C minimum night-time temperature in February in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)10
14°C minimum night-time temperature in March in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)14
19°C minimum night-time temperature in April in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)19
24°C minimum night-time temperature in May in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)24
26°C minimum night-time temperature in June in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)26
27°C minimum night-time temperature in July in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)27
27°C minimum night-time temperature in August in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)27
24°C minimum night-time temperature in September in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)24
19°C minimum night-time temperature in October in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)19
14°C minimum night-time temperature in November in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)14
9°C minimum night-time temperature in December in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)9

Sunshine & Daylight in Saudi Arabia

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily hours of sunshine
8 hours of sunshine per day (71% of daylight hours) in January in Saudi Arabia8
8 hours of sunshine per day (72% of daylight hours) in February in Saudi Arabia8
8 hours of sunshine per day (70% of daylight hours) in March in Saudi Arabia8
9 hours of sunshine per day (71% of daylight hours) in April in Saudi Arabia9
10 hours of sunshine per day (77% of daylight hours) in May in Saudi Arabia10
11 hours of sunshine per day (80% of daylight hours) in June in Saudi Arabia11
10 hours of sunshine per day (75% of daylight hours) in July in Saudi Arabia10
10 hours of sunshine per day (78% of daylight hours) in August in Saudi Arabia10
10 hours of sunshine per day (84% of daylight hours) in September in Saudi Arabia10
10 hours of sunshine per day (86% of daylight hours) in October in Saudi Arabia10
9 hours of sunshine per day (79% of daylight hours) in November in Saudi Arabia9
8 hours of sunshine per day (72% of daylight hours) in December in Saudi Arabia8
Daily hours of daylight
11 hours of daylight per day in January in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)11
11 hours of daylight per day in February in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)11
12 hours of daylight per day in March in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)12
13 hours of daylight per day in April in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)13
13 hours of daylight per day in May in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)13
14 hours of daylight per day in June in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)14
13 hours of daylight per day in July in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)13
13 hours of daylight per day in August in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)13
12 hours of daylight per day in September in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)12
12 hours of daylight per day in October in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)12
11 hours of daylight per day in November in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)11
11 hours of daylight per day in December in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)11

Rainfall in Saudi Arabia

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Number of days with some rain
3 days with some rainfall in January in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)3
3 days with some rainfall in February in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)3
6 days with some rainfall in March in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)6
7 days with some rainfall in April in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)7
3 days with some rainfall in May in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)3
0 days with some rainfall in June in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)0
0 days with some rainfall in July in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)0
0 days with some rainfall in August in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)0
0 days with some rainfall in September in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)0
0 days with some rainfall in October in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)0
1 day with some rainfall in November in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)1
4 days with some rainfall in December in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)4
Average monthly rainfall (mm)
15 mm monthly rainfall in January in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)15
7 mm monthly rainfall in February in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)7
31 mm monthly rainfall in March in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)31
30 mm monthly rainfall in April in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)30
10 mm monthly rainfall in May in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)10
0 mm monthly rainfall in June in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)0
0 mm monthly rainfall in July in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)0
0 mm monthly rainfall in August in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)0
0 mm monthly rainfall in September in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)0
1 mm monthly rainfall in October in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)1
5 mm monthly rainfall in November in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)5
13 mm monthly rainfall in December in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)13

More climate for Saudi Arabia

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
UV Index (Maximum)
UV (maximum) index 6 (High) in January in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)6
UV (maximum) index 8 (Very High) in February in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)8
UV (maximum) index 10 (Very High) in March in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)10
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in April in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in May in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in June in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in July in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in August in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)11
UV (maximum) index 11 (Extreme) in September in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)11
UV (maximum) index 9 (Very High) in October in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)9
UV (maximum) index 7 (High) in November in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)7
UV (maximum) index 5 (Moderate) in December in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)5
Heat & Humidity
No heat & humidity in January in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)0
No heat & humidity in February in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)0
Low heat & humidity in March in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)L
Moderate heat & humidity in April in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)M
Very high heat & humidity in May in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)VH
Very high heat & humidity in June in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)VH
Extreme heat & humidity in July in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)E
Very high heat & humidity in August in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)VH
Very high heat & humidity in September in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)VH
High heat & humidity in October in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)H
Low heat & humidity in November in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)L
No heat & humidity in December in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)0

Note: 0 = None, L = Low, M = Moderate, H = High, VH = Very high, E = Extreme

Going to Saudi Arabia? Find the best month to visit Saudi Arabia based on the weather.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Check climate guides for Saudi Arabia showing average temperature, rainfall & sunshine figures for each month of the year. The climate guide shown above is for Riyadh.

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More about Saudi Arabia

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

The climate guide for Saudi Arabia, represented by Riyadh, shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Find out more about our data sources.

Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches)

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Saudi Arabia climate overview

This vast country accounts for the majority of the Arabian Peninsula. Important in the ancient world for its frankincense and then as the birthplace of Islam, today Saudi Arabia's importance lies in its unrivalled reserves of oil.

Western Saudi Arabia is dominated by a mountain chain running the entire length of the country. The narrow lowland coastal strip along the Red Sea is very humid all year, and accompanied by hot summer temperatures.

The Empty Quarter in the south is the largest sand desert in the world. This vast arid expanse of spectacular dunes can become extremely hot by day and cool by night, even cold during the winter. An average of ten hours sunshine during the summer is the norm with virtually no rain all year. The Empty Quarter is largely inaccessible by road.

In stark contrast to the rest of the country is the huge Al-Hasa oasis. This mass of lush vegetation centred on the eastern town of Hofuf, is made up of miles upon miles of date palms with tiny villages embedded within. The climate here is very hot and dry during the summer, becoming warm with occasional showers during the winter months. However, it is far enough away from the Arabian Gulf coast to escape the extreme summer humidity.

Islam's holiest city, Mecca - with the famous Grand Mosque, and the religious sites in the immediate vicinity are strictly off-limits to non-Muslims, as are the scared sites at Medina.

All visitors to Saudi Arabia require a Saudi Arabian sponsor.

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