Saudi Arabia climate guide: monthly weather averages

The Saudi Arabia climate guides are perfect for planning your holiday. Monthly weather averages give the best indication of what the weather is usually like for every month of the year including figures for temperature, rainfall and sunshine. The climate guide shown below is for Riyadh.

Temperature in Saudi Arabia (°C)

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max temperature (daytime)
Min temperature (night-time)

Sunshine & Daylight in Saudi Arabia

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily hours of sunshine
Daily hours of daylight

Rainfall in Saudi Arabia

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Number of days with some rain
Average monthly rainfall (mm)

More climate for Saudi Arabia

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
UV Index (Maximum)
Heat & Humidity

Note: 0 = None, L = Low, M = Moderate, H = High, VH = Very high, E = Extreme

Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches)

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Saudi Arabia climate overview

This vast country accounts for the majority of the Arabian Peninsula. Important in the ancient world for its frankincense and then as the birthplace of Islam, today Saudi Arabia's importance lies in its unrivalled reserves of oil.

Western Saudi Arabia is dominated by a mountain chain running the entire length of the country. The narrow lowland coastal strip along the Red Sea is very humid all year, and accompanied by hot summer temperatures.

The Empty Quarter in the south is the largest sand desert in the world. This vast arid expanse of spectacular dunes can become extremely hot by day and cool by night, even cold during the winter. An average of ten hours sunshine during the summer is the norm with virtually no rain all year. The Empty Quarter is largely inaccessible by road.

In stark contrast to the rest of the country is the huge Al-Hasa oasis. This mass of lush vegetation centred on the eastern town of Hofuf, is made up of miles upon miles of date palms with tiny villages embedded within. The climate here is very hot and dry during the summer, becoming warm with occasional showers during the winter months. However, it is far enough away from the Arabian Gulf coast to escape the extreme summer humidity.

Islam's holiest city, Mecca - with the famous Grand Mosque, and the religious sites in the immediate vicinity are strictly off-limits to non-Muslims, as are the scared sites at Medina.

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Saudi Arabia climate by month

Check Saudi Arabia climate for a particular month by selecting from the list below. Monthly climate guides include figures for temperature, rainfall, sunshine hours and sea temperature plus daily sunrise & sunset times.

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