Saudi Arabia climate guide

Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Saudi Arabia for next month - October. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year.

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The climate guide for Saudi Arabia shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Find out more about our data sources.

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Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches)

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Saudi Arabia climate overview

This vast country accounts for the majority of the Arabian Peninsula. Important in the ancient world for its frankincense and then as the birthplace of Islam, today Saudi Arabia's importance lies in its unrivalled reserves of oil.

Western Saudi Arabia is dominated by a mountain chain running the entire length of the country. The narrow lowland coastal strip along the Red Sea is very humid all year, and accompanied by hot summer temperatures.

The Empty Quarter in the south is the largest sand desert in the world. This vast arid expanse of spectacular dunes can become extremely hot by day and cool by night, even cold during the winter. An average of ten hours sunshine during the summer is the norm with virtually no rain all year. The Empty Quarter is largely inaccessible by road.

In stark contrast to the rest of the country is the huge Al-Hasa oasis. This mass of lush vegetation centred on the eastern town of Hofuf, is made up of miles upon miles of date palms with tiny villages embedded within. The climate here is very hot and dry during the summer, becoming warm with occasional showers during the winter months. However, it is far enough away from the Arabian Gulf coast to escape the extreme summer humidity.

Islam's holiest city, Mecca - with the famous Grand Mosque, and the religious sites in the immediate vicinity are strictly off-limits to non-Muslims, as are the scared sites at Medina.

All visitors to Saudi Arabia require a Saudi Arabian sponsor.

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