Gambia climate guide

Temperature in Gambia (°C)

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max temperature (daytime)
32°C maximum daytime temperature in January in Gambia (Banjul)32
34°C maximum daytime temperature in February in Gambia (Banjul)34
35°C maximum daytime temperature in March in Gambia (Banjul)35
35°C maximum daytime temperature in April in Gambia (Banjul)35
34°C maximum daytime temperature in May in Gambia (Banjul)34
33°C maximum daytime temperature in June in Gambia (Banjul)33
32°C maximum daytime temperature in July in Gambia (Banjul)32
31°C maximum daytime temperature in August in Gambia (Banjul)31
31°C maximum daytime temperature in September in Gambia (Banjul)31
32°C maximum daytime temperature in October in Gambia (Banjul)32
33°C maximum daytime temperature in November in Gambia (Banjul)33
32°C maximum daytime temperature in December in Gambia (Banjul)32
Min temperature (night-time)
16°C minimum night-time temperature in January in Gambia (Banjul)16
17°C minimum night-time temperature in February in Gambia (Banjul)17
18°C minimum night-time temperature in March in Gambia (Banjul)18
18°C minimum night-time temperature in April in Gambia (Banjul)18
19°C minimum night-time temperature in May in Gambia (Banjul)19
23°C minimum night-time temperature in June in Gambia (Banjul)23
23°C minimum night-time temperature in July in Gambia (Banjul)23
23°C minimum night-time temperature in August in Gambia (Banjul)23
23°C minimum night-time temperature in September in Gambia (Banjul)23
22°C minimum night-time temperature in October in Gambia (Banjul)22
19°C minimum night-time temperature in November in Gambia (Banjul)19
16°C minimum night-time temperature in December in Gambia (Banjul)16
Sea temperature
21°C sea temperature in January in Gambia (Banjul)21
21°C sea temperature in February in Gambia (Banjul)21
21°C sea temperature in March in Gambia (Banjul)21
22°C sea temperature in April in Gambia (Banjul)22
24°C sea temperature in May in Gambia (Banjul)24
26°C sea temperature in June in Gambia (Banjul)26
28°C sea temperature in July in Gambia (Banjul)28
28°C sea temperature in August in Gambia (Banjul)28
28°C sea temperature in September in Gambia (Banjul)28
29°C sea temperature in October in Gambia (Banjul)29
27°C sea temperature in November in Gambia (Banjul)27
24°C sea temperature in December in Gambia (Banjul)24

Sunshine & Daylight in Gambia

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily hours of sunshine
8 hours of sunshine per day (71% of daylight hours) in January in Gambia8
9 hours of sunshine per day (75% of daylight hours) in February in Gambia9
9 hours of sunshine per day (77% of daylight hours) in March in Gambia9
10 hours of sunshine per day (76% of daylight hours) in April in Gambia10
9 hours of sunshine per day (73% of daylight hours) in May in Gambia9
8 hours of sunshine per day (64% of daylight hours) in June in Gambia8
7 hours of sunshine per day (54% of daylight hours) in July in Gambia7
7 hours of sunshine per day (52% of daylight hours) in August in Gambia7
7 hours of sunshine per day (57% of daylight hours) in September in Gambia7
8 hours of sunshine per day (68% of daylight hours) in October in Gambia8
9 hours of sunshine per day (74% of daylight hours) in November in Gambia9
8 hours of sunshine per day (70% of daylight hours) in December in Gambia8
Daily hours of daylight
11 hours of daylight per day in January in Gambia (Banjul)11
12 hours of daylight per day in February in Gambia (Banjul)12
12 hours of daylight per day in March in Gambia (Banjul)12
12 hours of daylight per day in April in Gambia (Banjul)12
13 hours of daylight per day in May in Gambia (Banjul)13
13 hours of daylight per day in June in Gambia (Banjul)13
13 hours of daylight per day in July in Gambia (Banjul)13
13 hours of daylight per day in August in Gambia (Banjul)13
12 hours of daylight per day in September in Gambia (Banjul)12
12 hours of daylight per day in October in Gambia (Banjul)12
12 hours of daylight per day in November in Gambia (Banjul)12
11 hours of daylight per day in December in Gambia (Banjul)11

Rainfall in Gambia

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Number of days with some rain
0 days with some rainfall in January in Gambia (Banjul)0
0 days with some rainfall in February in Gambia (Banjul)0
0 days with some rainfall in March in Gambia (Banjul)0
0 days with some rainfall in April in Gambia (Banjul)0
0 days with some rainfall in May in Gambia (Banjul)0
5 days with some rainfall in June in Gambia (Banjul)5
12 days with some rainfall in July in Gambia (Banjul)12
17 days with some rainfall in August in Gambia (Banjul)17
15 days with some rainfall in September in Gambia (Banjul)15
6 days with some rainfall in October in Gambia (Banjul)6
1 day with some rainfall in November in Gambia (Banjul)1
0 days with some rainfall in December in Gambia (Banjul)0
Average monthly rainfall (mm)
1 mm monthly rainfall in January in Gambia (Banjul)1
1 mm monthly rainfall in February in Gambia (Banjul)1
0 mm monthly rainfall in March in Gambia (Banjul)0
0 mm monthly rainfall in April in Gambia (Banjul)0
5 mm monthly rainfall in May in Gambia (Banjul)5
71 mm monthly rainfall in June in Gambia (Banjul)71
232 mm monthly rainfall in July in Gambia (Banjul)232
380 mm monthly rainfall in August in Gambia (Banjul)380
276 mm monthly rainfall in September in Gambia (Banjul)276
88 mm monthly rainfall in October in Gambia (Banjul)88
5 mm monthly rainfall in November in Gambia (Banjul)5
1 mm monthly rainfall in December in Gambia (Banjul)1

More climate for Gambia

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
UV Index (Maximum)
UV (maximum) index 10 (Very High) in January in Gambia (Banjul)10
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in February in Gambia (Banjul)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in March in Gambia (Banjul)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in April in Gambia (Banjul)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in May in Gambia (Banjul)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in June in Gambia (Banjul)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in July in Gambia (Banjul)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in August in Gambia (Banjul)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in September in Gambia (Banjul)11
UV (maximum) index 11 (Extreme) in October in Gambia (Banjul)11
UV (maximum) index 10 (Very High) in November in Gambia (Banjul)10
UV (maximum) index 9 (Very High) in December in Gambia (Banjul)9
Heat & Humidity
High heat & humidity in January in Gambia (Banjul)H
High heat & humidity in February in Gambia (Banjul)H
High heat & humidity in March in Gambia (Banjul)H
High heat & humidity in April in Gambia (Banjul)H
High heat & humidity in May in Gambia (Banjul)H
Very high heat & humidity in June in Gambia (Banjul)VH
Very high heat & humidity in July in Gambia (Banjul)VH
High heat & humidity in August in Gambia (Banjul)H
Very high heat & humidity in September in Gambia (Banjul)VH
Very high heat & humidity in October in Gambia (Banjul)VH
High heat & humidity in November in Gambia (Banjul)H
High heat & humidity in December in Gambia (Banjul)H

Note: 0 = None, L = Low, M = Moderate, H = High, VH = Very high, E = Extreme

Going to the Gambia? Find the best month to visit the Gambia based on the weather.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Check climate guides for the Gambia showing average temperature, rainfall & sunshine figures for each month of the year. The climate guide shown above is for Banjul.

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More about Gambia

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

The climate guide for Gambia, represented by Banjul, shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Find out more about our data sources.

Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches)

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Gambia climate overview

Named after the river that flows through it, The Gambia is the smallest independent country in Africa. It is located at the most westerly point of the continent and is surrounded entirely by Senegal. The Gambia became Britain's first colony in Africa in 1765 and 200 years later, in 1965, it was the last to gain its independence.

The elongated country is divided in two by the River Gambia, which runs along its entire length. The river and its tributaries meander through a mostly flat and low-lying landscape with tropical bamboo forest growing along its banks. Away from the river conditions become increasingly arid with wooded grassland and open savannah plains.

The River Gambia, which is over 48 kilometres (30 miles) wide at its mouth, drains into the Atlantic via a long saltwater estuary, thick with mangroves and reeds. The coastline itself is relatively short, but there are some beautiful sandy and palm-fringed beaches to the south of the capital Banjul, along with many tourist hotels. Untouched wild shoreline also exists, some stretches of which have impressive sand cliffs.

Agriculture forms the backbone of The Gambia's economy, employing over 80 per cent of the work force and contributing most to its foreign exchange receipts. The chief crop is groundnuts grown mainly by peasant farmers on small plots using traditional methods. This accounts for about half the total area under cultivation.

The climate of The Gambia is tropical with a short summer wet season running from June to October with high heat and humidity, although coastal regions experience a welcome sea breeze most afternoons. August is by far the wettest month with frequent thunderstorms, which are heaviest towards the coast. The rest of the year is dry and warm with plenty of sunshine especially between January and May. However during the dry season Harmattan winds off the Sahara can produce hazy conditions.

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