Panama climate guide

Temperature in Panama (°C)

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max temperature (daytime)
Min temperature (night-time)
Sea temperature

Sunshine & Daylight in Panama

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily hours of sunshine
Daily hours of daylight

Rainfall in Panama

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Number of days with some rain
Average monthly rainfall (mm)

More climate for Panama

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
UV Index (Maximum)
Heat & Humidity

Note: 0 = None, L = Low, M = Moderate, H = High, VH = Very high, E = Extreme

Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches)

The climate guide shown above is for Panama City.

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Panama climate overview

Lying at the southern end of Central America, Panama connects the Caribbean with the Pacific via the Panama Canal, an incongruous man-made channel cut through virgin jungle. The Canal itself is central to the Panama's economy and more than half of the country's population lives within 20 kilometres (12 miles) of it.

High mountains run down the central spine of western Panama, with dormant volcanoes as well as spectacular mountain scenery and waterfalls. Fragmented smaller mountain chains can also be found in the east where high ground is covered by extensive woodland and untouched rainforest. In the foothills there are cultivated regions with banana and coffee plantations.

From the coast, lowland plains rise to rolling hills further inland that support savannah and grazing grasslands. A vast swathe of lowland plain can be found between the Azuero peninsula and the Central Mountains. This is the main agricultural area sustaining rice, maize and bean fields.

Panama has a tropical and wet climate. The driest regions are south of the mountains and along the Pacific coast, and this is where most of the population lives. The rainy season lasts from April to December and is followed by a drier period from January to March. Temperatures are warm or hot throughout the year and high humidity can lead to sultry conditions.

The Caribbean coast is equally hot and humid, but significantly wetter. It rains most of the year with maybe just a brief drier spell in February and March.

The mountains escape the humidity and high temperatures, but not the unrelenting rain, which only briefly breaks between February and March.

Panama climate by month

Check Panama climate for a particular month by selecting from the list below. Monthly climate guides include figures for temperature, rainfall, sunshine hours and sea temperature plus daily sunrise & sunset times.

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