Panama climate guide

Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Panama for next month - January. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year.

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The climate guide for Panama shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Find out more about our data sources.

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Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches)

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Panama climate overview

Lying at the southern end of Central America, Panama connects the Caribbean with the Pacific via the Panama Canal, an incongruous man-made channel cut through virgin jungle. The Canal itself is central to the Panama's economy and more than half of the country's population lives within 20 kilometres (12 miles) of it.

High mountains run down the central spine of western Panama, with dormant volcanoes as well as spectacular mountain scenery and waterfalls. Fragmented smaller mountain chains can also be found in the east where high ground is covered by extensive woodland and untouched rainforest. In the foothills there are cultivated regions with banana and coffee plantations.

From the coast, lowland plains rise to rolling hills further inland that support savannah and grazing grasslands. A vast swathe of lowland plain can be found between the Azuero peninsula and the Central Mountains. This is the main agricultural area sustaining rice, maize and bean fields.

Panama has a tropical and wet climate. The driest regions are south of the mountains and along the Pacific coast, and this is where most of the population lives. The rainy season lasts from April to December and is followed by a drier period from January to March. Temperatures are warm or hot throughout the year and high humidity can lead to sultry conditions.

The Caribbean coast is equally hot and humid, but significantly wetter. It rains most of the year with maybe just a brief drier spell in February and March.

The mountains escape the humidity and high temperatures, but not the unrelenting rain, which only briefly breaks between February and March.

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