Panama climate guide

Temperature in Panama (°C)

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max temperature (daytime)
30°C maximum daytime temperature in January in Panama (Panama City)30
31°C maximum daytime temperature in February in Panama (Panama City)31
31°C maximum daytime temperature in March in Panama (Panama City)31
32°C maximum daytime temperature in April in Panama (Panama City)32
31°C maximum daytime temperature in May in Panama (Panama City)31
29°C maximum daytime temperature in June in Panama (Panama City)29
30°C maximum daytime temperature in July in Panama (Panama City)30
29°C maximum daytime temperature in August in Panama (Panama City)29
29°C maximum daytime temperature in September in Panama (Panama City)29
29°C maximum daytime temperature in October in Panama (Panama City)29
28°C maximum daytime temperature in November in Panama (Panama City)28
29°C maximum daytime temperature in December in Panama (Panama City)29
Min temperature (night-time)
22°C minimum night-time temperature in January in Panama (Panama City)22
22°C minimum night-time temperature in February in Panama (Panama City)22
23°C minimum night-time temperature in March in Panama (Panama City)23
24°C minimum night-time temperature in April in Panama (Panama City)24
24°C minimum night-time temperature in May in Panama (Panama City)24
23°C minimum night-time temperature in June in Panama (Panama City)23
23°C minimum night-time temperature in July in Panama (Panama City)23
23°C minimum night-time temperature in August in Panama (Panama City)23
22°C minimum night-time temperature in September in Panama (Panama City)22
23°C minimum night-time temperature in October in Panama (Panama City)23
22°C minimum night-time temperature in November in Panama (Panama City)22
22°C minimum night-time temperature in December in Panama (Panama City)22
Sea temperature
27°C sea temperature in January in Panama (Panama City)27
26°C sea temperature in February in Panama (Panama City)26
25°C sea temperature in March in Panama (Panama City)25
26°C sea temperature in April in Panama (Panama City)26
28°C sea temperature in May in Panama (Panama City)28
29°C sea temperature in June in Panama (Panama City)29
28°C sea temperature in July in Panama (Panama City)28
28°C sea temperature in August in Panama (Panama City)28
28°C sea temperature in September in Panama (Panama City)28
28°C sea temperature in October in Panama (Panama City)28
28°C sea temperature in November in Panama (Panama City)28
28°C sea temperature in December in Panama (Panama City)28

Sunshine & Daylight in Panama

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily hours of sunshine
Daily hours of daylight
12 hours of daylight per day in January in Panama (Panama City)12
12 hours of daylight per day in February in Panama (Panama City)12
12 hours of daylight per day in March in Panama (Panama City)12
12 hours of daylight per day in April in Panama (Panama City)12
13 hours of daylight per day in May in Panama (Panama City)13
13 hours of daylight per day in June in Panama (Panama City)13
13 hours of daylight per day in July in Panama (Panama City)13
12 hours of daylight per day in August in Panama (Panama City)12
12 hours of daylight per day in September in Panama (Panama City)12
12 hours of daylight per day in October in Panama (Panama City)12
12 hours of daylight per day in November in Panama (Panama City)12
12 hours of daylight per day in December in Panama (Panama City)12

Rainfall in Panama

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Number of days with some rain
8 days with some rainfall in January in Panama (Panama City)8
6 days with some rainfall in February in Panama (Panama City)6
5 days with some rainfall in March in Panama (Panama City)5
8 days with some rainfall in April in Panama (Panama City)8
18 days with some rainfall in May in Panama (Panama City)18
19 days with some rainfall in June in Panama (Panama City)19
21 days with some rainfall in July in Panama (Panama City)21
22 days with some rainfall in August in Panama (Panama City)22
17 days with some rainfall in September in Panama (Panama City)17
22 days with some rainfall in October in Panama (Panama City)22
24 days with some rainfall in November in Panama (Panama City)24
15 days with some rainfall in December in Panama (Panama City)15
Average monthly rainfall (mm)
32 mm monthly rainfall in January in Panama (Panama City)32
13 mm monthly rainfall in February in Panama (Panama City)13
11 mm monthly rainfall in March in Panama (Panama City)11
77 mm monthly rainfall in April in Panama (Panama City)77
263 mm monthly rainfall in May in Panama (Panama City)263
256 mm monthly rainfall in June in Panama (Panama City)256
272 mm monthly rainfall in July in Panama (Panama City)272
265 mm monthly rainfall in August in Panama (Panama City)265
265 mm monthly rainfall in September in Panama (Panama City)265
333 mm monthly rainfall in October in Panama (Panama City)333
311 mm monthly rainfall in November in Panama (Panama City)311
135 mm monthly rainfall in December in Panama (Panama City)135

More climate for Panama

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
UV Index (Maximum)
UV (maximum) index 11 (Extreme) in January in Panama (Panama City)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in February in Panama (Panama City)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in March in Panama (Panama City)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in April in Panama (Panama City)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in May in Panama (Panama City)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in June in Panama (Panama City)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in July in Panama (Panama City)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in August in Panama (Panama City)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in September in Panama (Panama City)11
UV (maximum) index 11+ (Extreme) in October in Panama (Panama City)11
UV (maximum) index 11 (Extreme) in November in Panama (Panama City)11
UV (maximum) index 10 (Very High) in December in Panama (Panama City)10
Heat & Humidity
High heat & humidity in January in Panama (Panama City)H
High heat & humidity in February in Panama (Panama City)H
Very high heat & humidity in March in Panama (Panama City)VH
Very high heat & humidity in April in Panama (Panama City)VH
Very high heat & humidity in May in Panama (Panama City)VH
High heat & humidity in June in Panama (Panama City)H
Very high heat & humidity in July in Panama (Panama City)VH
High heat & humidity in August in Panama (Panama City)H
High heat & humidity in September in Panama (Panama City)H
High heat & humidity in October in Panama (Panama City)H
High heat & humidity in November in Panama (Panama City)H
High heat & humidity in December in Panama (Panama City)H

Note: 0 = None, L = Low, M = Moderate, H = High, VH = Very high, E = Extreme

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Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

The climate guide for Panama, represented by Panama City, shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Find out more about our data sources.

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Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches)

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Panama climate overview

Lying at the southern end of Central America, Panama connects the Caribbean with the Pacific via the Panama Canal, an incongruous man-made channel cut through virgin jungle. The Canal itself is central to the Panama's economy and more than half of the country's population lives within 20 kilometres (12 miles) of it.

High mountains run down the central spine of western Panama, with dormant volcanoes as well as spectacular mountain scenery and waterfalls. Fragmented smaller mountain chains can also be found in the east where high ground is covered by extensive woodland and untouched rainforest. In the foothills there are cultivated regions with banana and coffee plantations.

From the coast, lowland plains rise to rolling hills further inland that support savannah and grazing grasslands. A vast swathe of lowland plain can be found between the Azuero peninsula and the Central Mountains. This is the main agricultural area sustaining rice, maize and bean fields.

Panama has a tropical and wet climate. The driest regions are south of the mountains and along the Pacific coast, and this is where most of the population lives. The rainy season lasts from April to December and is followed by a drier period from January to March. Temperatures are warm or hot throughout the year and high humidity can lead to sultry conditions.

The Caribbean coast is equally hot and humid, but significantly wetter. It rains most of the year with maybe just a brief drier spell in February and March.

The mountains escape the humidity and high temperatures, but not the unrelenting rain, which only briefly breaks between February and March.

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