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Mexico climate guide
Temperature in Mexico (°C)
|Max temperature (daytime)|
|Min temperature (night-time)|
Sunshine & Daylight in Mexico
|Daily hours of sunshine|
|Daily hours of daylight|
Rainfall in Mexico
|Number of days with some rain|
|Average monthly rainfall (mm)|
More climate for Mexico
|UV Index (Maximum)|
|Heat & Humidity|
Note: 0 = None, L = Low, M = Moderate, H = High, VH = Very high, E = Extreme
Going to Mexico? Find the best month to visit Mexico based on the weather.
The climate guide shown above is for Mexico City.
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Metric (°C / mm) | Imperial (°F / inches)
Mexico climate overview
Mexico is a vast country with attractions that range from pre-Columbian ruins and grand colonial cities to white-sand beaches and glitzy resorts. It receives over 20 million visitors a year, most of them from the United States and Canada.
Its most distinctive geographical feature is the vast central plateau, flanked by mountains, that runs through the heart of the country from the border with the United States through almost two thirds of its length. At the southern end of the plateau near Mexico City there is a band of volcanoes running from east to west. About half a dozen are active, most notably Colima and Popocatepetl.
While the plateau itself is generally sparsely vegetated, forests of pine and oak dominate the mountains to the west. Throughout the south of the country, with its lower elevations, the vegetation is more typical of the tropics, and there are still some areas of undisturbed rainforest.
Generally Mexico has a tropical climate with wet summers and dry winters, however the north of the country sees little rainfall at any time while in Tabasco and southern Veracruz there is practically no dry season.
At the beginning of the wet season, towards the end of May, rain starts falling in the south of the country. It extends northwards almost all the way up the west coast by the end of July, and up the Gulf coast by the end of September, becoming progressively lighter further north and inland.
The rains moderate between September and November, remaining longer on the Gulf than the Pacific Coast. Since rain in Mexico tends to fall mainly at night, there are still usually at least 6 hours of sunshine each day in most beach resort areas such as , even at the height of the rainy season.
On the coastal plains, including Cancun on the Yucatan Peninsular, temperatures in the summer months are hot, and heat and humidity usually very high. However once on to the central plateau the high temperatures and heat and humidity disappear.
At the southern end of the plateau, for example around Mexico City, the warmest months are April and May, just before the rains begin. Daytime temperatures through the summer are warm but everywhere at high altitudes temperatures fall at night by as much as 15°C (27°F) in summer and by more in winter.
In the dry season heat and humidity moderates a little in the southern coastal regions, but temperatures still remain hot. Generally at this time of year it is far less cloudy and quite a bit warmer on the Pacific coast at places such as Ixtapa than on the Gulf and Caribbean coasts. On the plateau in the dry season it is still warm but at night temperatures drop sharply and frosts can occur.
Mexico is prone to hurricanes that may strike from either the Gulf of Mexico or the Pacific Ocean between June and November. It has also suffered some devastating earthquakes, most recently in 1985 when thousands died in Mexico City alone. The most active faults lie parallel to the south-west coast and stretch north-west into the Gulf of California, but when they strike, earthquakes can be felt far inland.
Popular Mexico destinations
More Mexico destinations
- Cabo San Lucas
- Chichen Itza
- Ciudad Juarez
- Los Mochis
- Mexico City
- Punta Mita
- San Cristobal de las Casas
- San Jose del Cabo
- San Luis Potosi
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