Australia climate guide

Temperature in Australia (°C)

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max temperature (daytime)
Min temperature (night-time)
Sea temperature

Sunshine & Daylight in Australia

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily hours of sunshine
Daily hours of daylight

Rainfall in Australia

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Number of days with some rain
Average monthly rainfall (mm)

More climate for Australia

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
UV Index (Maximum)
Heat & Humidity

Note: 0 = None, L = Low, M = Moderate, H = High, VH = Very high, E = Extreme

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The climate guide shown above is for Sydney.

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More about Australia

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Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches)

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Australia climate overview

This vast country which is only slightly smaller than the United States lies between the Pacific and the Indian Ocean. Its laid-back and multicultural society lives mainly in cosmopolitan cities; in the north of the country Aboriginal settlements still also exist.

The interior is desert, punctuated with rocky plains. While Uluru (Ayers Rock) is the most famous outcrop, there are many beautiful rocky canyons and gorges. Very hot and dry summers support only scrub vegetation in the 'Outback'.

The far north has a distinct summer rainy season. Heavy thunderstorms fill raging rivers and waterfalls while supporting lush vegetation, including dense tropical rainforest.

The Great Dividing Range is a string of low craggy mountains at the eastern end of the desert that act as a natural barrier to the hot desert air and shield the main population centres in the southeast. The major cities of Canberra, Sydney, and Melbourne in the south-eastern corner have rainfall distributed throughout the year, with warm or hot summers and cool or comfortable winter temperatures.

To the west of the desert is another line of low mountains, which run down to the Indian Ocean. This coast experiences dry and hot summers, tempered by cool sea breezes, while winters are cooler and wetter. The northwest coast is particularly prone to tropical cyclones.

Australia's enormous coastline is varied, ranging from spectacular cliffs in the south, to beautiful sandy surf beaches in Queensland; offshore the Great Barrier Reef forms numerous coral islands and tropical lagoons.

Off the southeast coast is the mountainous island of Tasmania, the coolest part of Australia with the highest number of rainy days per year of any part of the country.

Agriculture is restricted to the country's coastal fringes with huge wheat fields and grazing pastures. Sugarcane plantations are prevalent in the north, while extensive vineyards clad the southeast and the green southwestern tip.

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