Egypt climate guide

Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Egypt for next month - December. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year.

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The climate guide for Egypt shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Find out more about our data sources.

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Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches)

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Discover more about Egypt

Egypt climate overview

Egypt lies at the north-eastern tip of Africa. Being the birthplace of the ancient Pharaohs is testament to its long and rich history, which is well preserved for Egypt's massive and highly lucrative tourist industry.

Egypt is inevitably littered with extraordinary historical monuments. The best known are the Pyramids at Giza: the sole survivor of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. Further south, remarkable Pharonic temples, mausoleums, and tombs can be found at Luxor, Aswan, and Abu Simbel.

Over 90% of Egypt is barren desert with the most arid region found in the southwest, forming part of the inhospitable Libyan Desert. In most places a large daily temperature range sees extremely hot summer days, followed by cool nights that can be cold during the winter.

Cutting a swathe of green through the entire country is the mighty River Nile. Its sheer width is impressive as it surges through the centre of Cairo, culminating in a fertile delta flowing into the Mediterranean.

The Nile Valley supports large cotton plantations as well as a patchwork of arable farms. The valley is dry, sunny, and hot in the summer with comfortable or warm winter day-time temperatures that become cool by night. Frequent winter storms bring rain along the Mediterranean coast but this rarely falls south of Cairo. Occasional winter sand storms are possible anywhere.

The Red Sea coast is well known for some of the most spectacular underwater scenery in the world, particularly off Sharm el-Sheikh. However with its northerly location, water temperatures here are not as warm as they are nearer the equator.

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